Guest post by Lisa Shoreland.
Only in Africa
The wildlife found in Africa is rich and varied – and much of it is only found there. From the better-known wildebeest and chimpanzee to exotic species of snakes and birds, these creatures can only be found naturally on the continent. Here’s our look at a few of the more exotic finds the continent has to offer:
Dwarf Blue Butterfly
This ethereal-looking butterfly has an average wingspan of only 13 mm, making it the world’s smallest butterfly. It is indigenous to South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Some interesting facts about the Dwarf Blue:
- Their undersides are much more subdued, usually in tones of grey and white.
- They prefer grasslands and savannah.
- Male wingspan can be 10-15 mm while female wingspan can be 12-18 mm.
The Goliath comes by its name honestly: It can grow to up to one foot in length, making it the world’s largest frog. It is indigenous to swift-flowing rivers in Cameroon and Guinea.
Fascinating facts about the Goliath frog:
- It can grow to 10 pounds.
- With its back legs extended, it can reach lengths of up to 2 ½ feet.
- They are mute and have no vocal sac.
- They eat fish, insects, and amphibians, but their tadpoles are vegetarian.
- Because of their peculiarity, these frogs are prized by collectors and zoos, putting their population in danger.
The only place where schools of freshwater sardines are found is Lake Tanganyika.
Some interesting facts:
- Known as Limnothrissa miodon and Stolothrissa tanganicae.
- More commonly known as “kapenta” by the locals. Prepared with salt and dried in the sun.
- Lurk near the bottom of the lake by day and rise to the surface at night.
- Mined as a local and exported food source.
This is one of the world’s largest and heaviest beetles, and it can reach up to 5 inches in length and weigh up to ¼ pound. They are found in many of Africa’s tropical forests.
Intriguing facts about Goliath Beetles:
- They have two pair of wings. The first pair acts as a protective covering, and the second pair is actually used for flying.
- They feed primarily on tree sap and fruit.
- Females can be dark brown or silky white in color, and males are typically a mix of brown, black, and white.
- In captivity, adults can sometimes live for about a year.
Bio: Lisa Shoreland is currently a resident blogger at Go College, where recently she’s been researching student loan forgiveness as well as studying tips. In her spare time, she enjoys creative writing, practicing martial arts, and taking weekend trips.