The following listing is based upon IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species.
6. Black Rhinoceros
Scientific Name: Diceros bicornis.
Status: Critically Endangered.
Threats: Mainly poaching for its horn and “medicinal” value (China).
Population: Has declined by over 90% over the last 60 odd years. Current estimation is at roughly 4180 black rhinos.
Countries: Kenya; Namibia; South Africa; Tanzania; Zimbabwe.
Although the rhinoceros is referred to as ‘black’, its colours vary from brown to grey.
Scientific Name: Acinonyx jubatus.
Threats: Habitat loss, fragmentation and human conflict (mainly farmers).
Population: 10 000-15 000. Cheetahs are believed to have lost over 76% of their historic range on the continent.
Countries: Algeria; Angola; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Central African Republic; Chad; The Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ethiopia; Islamic Republic of Iran; Kenya; Mozambique; Namibia; Niger; Somalia; South Africa; Sudan; United Republic of Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe.
8. African Lion
Scientific Name: Panthera leo.
Population: Best estimate is 20 000-23 000. Such a pity, especially when you consider their number 50 years ago (450 000 lions; a loss of +/- 95%). 🙁
Countries: Most of sub-Saharan Africa.
9. African Penguin (Jackass Penguin)
Scientific Name: Spheniscus demersus.
Threats: Commercial fisheries and oil spills.
Population: 72 000 birds.
Countries: Angola; Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa.
10. African Elephant
Scientific Name: Loxodonta africana.
Threats: Poaching for ivory and meat + loss of habitat.
Population: 470 000-690 000.
Countries: Angola; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Congo; Côte d’Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Gabon; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Kenya; Liberia; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia; Niger; Nigeria; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Africa; Sudan; Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe.